Industrial Refrigeration: Ammonia and CO2 Systems

Breaking down your options as the R22 refrigerant is phased out

Views: 777   No Comments  

by:

Industrial Refrigeration: Ammonia and CO2 Systems

 

The turn of the new year signaled the most recent step of the R22 refrigerant phase-out in the United States.

As a reminder, here’s the timeline according to the EPA final rule:

  • On January 1, 2018, R22 production dropped 30 percent from the 2017 supply to 9 million pounds
  • On January 1, 2019, production will drop 55 percent from the 2018 supply to 4 million pounds
  • On January 1, 2020, R22 will be phased out completely with no new or imported R22 allowed in the U.S.

Since the supply just dropped at the beginning of this year, that means R22 prices (and repair prices) are increasing yet again.

If your refrigeration system uses R22, or any other refrigerant with a high Global Warming Potential (GWP), you have some decisions to make — and the clock is ticking.

 

18 Design and Construction Acronyms Food Plant Owners Need to Know

Views: 628   No Comments  

by:

18 Construction Acronyms Owners Need to Know

With all its abbreviations, acronyms and jargon, the AEC industry can feel a lot like alphabet soup. Navigating the industry-speak is important to understanding your projects from start to finish, so we put together a list of some of the most common — and sometimes misused — acronyms to help you out, and make it easy as A-B-C!

 

7 PSM Audit Violations and How to Avoid Them

Views: 3799   Comments (2)   

by:
Quality assurance is one key to a successful food safety audit

Quality assurance is one key to a successful food safety audit

 

Process Safety Management (PSM) compliance audits are specific and comprehensive, focusing on 14 elements of OSHA’s PSM Standards. A well-planned and organized audit process — including cross-trained personnel, audit checklists and self-audits — can help ensure a successful outcome.

 

6 Ways to Optimize Your Refrigeration Efficiency and Lower Energy Costs

Views: 1888   No Comments  

by:

Machine room

Did you know that up to 60 percent of a manufacturing facility’s total operating expenses comes from industrial refrigeration? It’s no surprise that refrigeration efficiency is a priority.

However, engineers often look to optimize individual components rather than taking a holistic approach, leading to wasted energy and operational inefficiencies. To avoid this fragmented approach, here are six steps to optimize the entire system and achieve the greatest energy efficiency:

 

CO2 Refrigeration: Debunking 3 Common Myths

Views: 5508   Comments (6)   

by:

co2-sm

Stellar is gearing up for ATMOsphere America 2017, the leading forum for discussion about the business case for natural refrigerants in North America. The three-day conference next month will host more than 400 industry stakeholders in San Diego, California, and will feature discussions about the latest in refrigeration technology and regulation. Among the hot-button issues in the industry: the diminishing role of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCS).

 

15 Common Ammonia Safety Issues Your Refrigeration Personnel Can Control (And Correct)

Views: 4020   No Comments  

by:

15 Common Ammonia Safety Issues Your Refrigeration Personnel Can Control (And Correct)

More changes are coming to the food and beverage industry as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) continues to crack down on ammonia safety.

The EPA has launched a three-year, nationwide enforcement and compliance initiative focused on reducing the risks of chemical releases from facilities that use extremely hazardous chemicals, including those that use ammonia as a refrigerant.

 

5 Types of Low-charge Refrigeration Systems

Packaged refrigeration equipment series

Views: 1944   No Comments  

by:

5 Types of Low-charge Refrigeration Systems

After months of discussions and hours of negotiations, nearly 200 nations have now reached a deal to limit the use of greenhouse gases worldwide. In October, world leaders agreed to the deal that would gradually phase out the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) starting in 2019.

 

Natural Refrigerants: 5 Benefits of Packaged Refrigeration Systems

Views: 1975   No Comments  

by:

refrigerated packaged equipment

There has been a push to take advantage of the benefits of ammonia while reducing the risks—and it has resulted in an innovative solution: low-charge packaged refrigeration systems that use ammonia and a secondary refrigerant (such as glycol). This allows facilities to reap the benefits of ammonia’s excellent thermodynamic properties while minimizing the charge and risk.

 

Food Plant Refrigeration: Everything You Need to Know About Blast Cells

Views: 1605   No Comments  

by:

Food Plant Refrigeration: Everything You Need to Know About Blast Cells

Whether your food plant packages frozen orange juice or processes chicken breasts, a blast cell freezer can be used to freeze almost any product. It’s important to understand the common misconceptions, the importance of proper design and how to operate your blast cell.

 

Pork Plants: Best Practices for Effective Quick Chill System Design

Views: 581   No Comments  

by:

Pork Plants: Best Practices for Effective Quick Chill System Design

Quick chill systems are a viable option for hog chilling thanks to improved efficiency, product quality and yield. But to achieve these benefits, and peak performance, your system must be designed correctly.